Medicine Articles

Sirenomelia: The mermaid syndrome

Sirenomelia: The mermaid syndrome and ancient Greek (ancient Athens) King Cecrops.

Sirenomelia (mermaid syndrome) is a rare congenital fetal anomaly with characteristic feature of complete or partial fusion of lower limbs.
It is a rare and fatal congenital defect characterized by varying degrees of lower limb fusion, thoracolumbar spinal anomalies, sacrococcygeal agenesis, genitourinary, and anorectal atresia. The incidence of sirenomelia is 0.8-1 case/100,000 births with male to female ratio being 3:1.
King Cecrops, the ancient mythological King of ancient Athens, (ancient Greece) was said that, he was born from the earth itself and that he had his top half shaped like a man and the bottom half in serpent or fish-tail form. This could be a sign of the rare mermaid syndrome to king’s Cecrops.
J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2015 Jan-Jun; 6(1): 264–266. from Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine or  National Library of Medicine (NLM), on the campus of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland.